首页 » 新闻中心 » 行业新闻 » 新型冠状病毒肺炎疫情相关词汇英文表述(上)--摘自中国翻译协会“中国翻译”杂志
www.MasterFy.com 2020-04-18 17:43 上海翻译公司

冠状病毒 coronavirus

2019新型冠状病毒 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV)


肺炎 pneumonia

病毒性肺炎 viral pneumonia

不明原因肺炎 pneumonia of unknown etiology/cause

严重急性呼吸道感染 severe acute respiratory infection (SARI)

急性呼吸窘迫综合征 acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)

呼吸道疾病(呼吸系统疾病)respiratory diseases

国际关注的突发公共卫生事件 Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)

乙类传染病 Category B infectious diseases

人传人 person-to-person/human-to-human transmission

潜伏期 incubation/latent period

无症状的潜伏期 silent/asymptomatic incubation period

病毒携带者virus carrier

无症状携带者 asymptomatic carrier

超级传播者super spreader

飞沫传播 droplet transmission

接触传播 contact transmission

病毒的蔓延 spread of a virus

隐性感染 covert/silent/inapparent/subclinical infection

外源性感染 exogenous infection

密切接触者close contact

接触者追踪 contact tracing

传染途径 route of transmission

传播方式 mode of transmission

宿主 host

易感人群 susceptible/vulnerable population

医院/院内感染 nosocomial infection; hospital-acquired infection

职业暴露 occupational exposure

确诊病例 confirmed case

疑似病例 suspected case

散在病例 sporadic case

输入性病例imported case

二代病例 second-generation case

传染性 transmissibility; infectivity

致病性 pathogenicity

疫情 epidemic; outbreak

疫区 affected area

发病 morbidity

发热病人 patients with fever; febrile patients; fever patients

重症 severe case

发病率 incidence rate

死亡率 mortality rate

病死率(致死率)fatality/mortality/death rate

治愈率 recovery rate

疫情防控 epidemic prevention and control

监测体温 to monitor body temperature

体温检测 to check body temperature

早发现、早隔离 early detection and early isolation

隔离治疗 to receive treatment in isolation

自我隔离 to quarantine yourself in your home; self-monitored quarantine

临床数据 clinical data

核酸检测 nucleic acid testing (NAT)

核酸检测试剂盒 nucleic acid testing kit

血清诊断 serodiagnosis

自觉接受医学观察 to present yourself to medical observation

解除医学观察 to be discharged from medical observation

诊断、治疗、追踪和筛査 diagnosistreatmenttracing and screening

预防措施 preventive measure

疫苗 vaccine

戴口罩 to wear a mask

勤洗手/仔细洗手 to wash your hands often/careflilly

消毒 disinfection

避免去人多的地方avoid crowds

健康筛查 health screening

旅行限制 travel restrictions

健康申报表 health declaration form

海鲜市场 seafood market

活体农贸市场 live animal market

湿货市场wet market

野味 bushmeat; game 6

果子狸 masked palm civet


竹鼠 bamboo rat


突发公共卫生事件public health emergency

启动重大突发公共卫生事件一级响应to activate first-level public health emergency response

掌握情况,不漏一人 to have full knowledge of the situation (of the community) and leave no one unchecked

遏制疫情蔓延 to contain the outbreak

封城 A city is on lockdown./A city goes into lockdown.

延迟开学 to postpone the reopening of schools

延长春节假期 to extend the Chinese New Year holiday

(公共场所)消毒、通风以及体温检测 disinfection, ventilation and body temperature monitoring (in public areas)

应急医院 makeshift hospital

火神山医院 Huoshenshan Hospital (in Wuhan)

雷神山医院 Leishenshan Hospital (in Wuhan)

暂停海外团队旅行 to suspend overseas group tours

关闭景点 to close scenic spots

取消大型集会 to cancel mass gatherings

减少外出 to make fewer trips outside

控制人口流动 to curb population flow

两周观察期 two-week observation period

停运长途汽车 to halt long-distance buses

调减市内公交 to reduce the frequency of bus services in the city

特殊报销政策 special reimbursement rules

紧平衡 in tight balance

医疗物资紧缺 shortage of medical supplies

日常基本生活物资daily necessities

跨境采购 cross-border procurement

囤积食物 to stock up on food


瞒报 to underreport

哄抬价格 price gouging

世卫组织 World Health Organization (WHO)

中央应对新型冠状病毒感染肺炎疫情工作领导小组(中央应对疫情工作领导小组) Leading Group of the CPC Central Committee for Novel Coronavirus Prevention and Control

国家卫生健康委员会(国家卫健委)National Health Commission (NHS)

中国疾病预防控制中心(中国疾控中心)Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention (China CDC)

国家医疗保障局(国家医保局)National Healthcare Security Administration (NHSA)

医疗机构 medical institution

卫生机构 health institution

医疗从业者 medical practitioner; healthcare professional

医疗人员 medical personnel; health workforce; health workers

—线医护人员 frontline health workers

定点医院 designated hospitals

发热门诊 fever clinic

重症监护病房 intensive care unit (ICU)

检疫所 quarantine office

药店 pharmacy; drugstore

病理 pathology

病原体 pathogen

病毒变异 virus variation

病毒突变 virus mutation

临床表现 clinical picture

上呼吸道感染 upper respiratory tract infection (URTI)

低氧血症 hypoxemia; low blood oxygen


肺脓肿 lung abscess

双肺浸润性病灶 infiltration in both lungs

发热 fever

乏力 fatigue

干咳 dry cough

头疼 headache

胸闷 chest distress; chest oppression

心慌 palpitations


腹泻 diarrhea

呼吸困难 dyspnea; respiratory distress; breathing difficulties

红外体温测量仪infrared thermometer

探头式测温仪probe thermometer

体温检测热像仪 thermal imaging camera for temperature monitoring

诊断器具 diagnostic tool/kit

消毒液 disinfectant; antiseptic solution

消毒湿巾 disinfectant/antiseptic wipes

含酒精洗手液 alcohol-based hand rub/sanitizer

口罩 facemask; mask

N95 口罩 N95 mask/respirator

医用外科口罩surgical mask

防护服 protective suit

护目镜 goggles

—次性手套 disposable gloves

国际卫生条例 International Health Regulations (IHR)

流行病学 epidemiology

流行病学调査(流调)epidemiological investigation

呼吸器官 respiratory organs

呼吸道 respiratory tract

消化系统 digestive system

神经系统 nervous system

流感influenza; flu

结膜炎 conjunctivitis; pink eye

宿疾、慢性病 chronic ailment; chronic disease

高血压 hypertension; high blood pressure

糖尿病 diabetes; diabetes mellitus

心血管病 cardiovascular disease

基因序列 genetic sequence

基因结构 genetic structure

试剂 reagent

诊断 diagnosis

检测样本 test sample

医学观察 medical watch; medical observation

病毒分离 virus isolation

抗病毒药 antiviral drug

退烧药 febrifuge; antipyretic